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Home of the Zulu speaking people of South Africa, KwaZulu-Natal also famous as KZN or Natal and known as "the garden province", is a province of South Africa that was created in 1994 when the Zulu bantustan of KwaZulu ("Place of the Zulu" in Zulu) and Natal Province were combined. It is located in the southeast of the country, enjoying a long oceanfront beside the Indian Ocean and sharing borders with three other provinces and three other African countries Mozambique, Swaziland and Lesotho. The capital of the province is Pietermaritzburg and its largest city is Durban.
During the 1800s, the northern part of what is now KwaZulu-Natal was occupied by the Zulu Kingdom while the southern part was briefly the Boer republic of Natalia before becoming the British Colony of Natal in 1843.
KwaZulu-Natal is the birthplace of many notable figures in South Africa's history, such as King Shaka kaSenzangakhona Zulu, the greatest king in the South African history particularly the Zulu kingdom; Albert Luthuli, the first African and the very first person from outside Europe and America to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1960; Pixley ka Isaka Seme, the founder of the African National Congress (ANC) and South Africa's first black lawyer; John Langalibalele Dube, the ANC's founding
president; Mangosuthu Buthelezi, the founder of the Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP); Anton Lembede, the founding president of the ANC Youth League; and Jacob Zuma, the current President of South Africa
With a population of 10, 694,400 people (19.8% of the South Africa’s population), 77.8% speaking isiZulu and 13.2% English, KwaZulu-Natal contributes 15.8% of the South Africa’s GDP with its Gross Regional Product at R420.6 billion. KwaZulu-Natal takes a stake of 94 361 km2 size in area which is 7.7% of South Africa, the province is roughly the size of Portugal.
Durban is a swiftly growing urban area and is by most measures the busiest port in Africa. There is a good railway network links that links the city to other areas of Southern Africa. Sugar refining is Durban's main industry. Sheep, cattle, dairy, citrus fruits, corn, sorghum, cotton, bananas, and pineapples are also elevated in recent years. Other KwaZulu-Natal industries include textile, clothing, chemicals, rubber, fertiliser, paper, vehicle assembly and food-processing plants, tanneries, and oil refineries. There are also a large aluminium-smelting plants at Richards Bay.