The first people to settle communities in South Africa were the San tribes, then Khoikhoi began to settle all over the Southern African region ca. 2000 years ago.

One of the best-known Khoikhoi groups also included the Griqua who had originally lived on the western coast between St Helena Bay and the Cederberg Range. In the late 18th century, they managed to acquire guns and horses and began trekking north-east. Other groups of Khoisan, Coloureds, Blacks and even white adventurers joined them, and they rapidly gained a reputation as a formidable military force. The Griquas were great hunters and became excellent shots; they excelled at guerrilla warfare and won many wars. Ultimately, the Griquas reached the Highveld around present-day Kimberley, where they created their own country that came to be known as Griqualand.

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