After the end of Apartheid in 1994, a combination of parts of the former Transvaal Province and Cape Province, as well as most of the former Bantustan of Bophuthatswana resulted in the birth of the North West province. The capital of North West is Mahikeng and its major city is Potchefstroom. The majority (63.4%) of the province's residents are the Tswana people who speak Setswana. Smaller groups include Afrikaans, Sotho, and Xhosa speaking people. English is spoken primarily as a second language. Most of the population subscribes to Christian values.
The province has the lowest number of educated people over the age of 35 years and older (5,9%), but since 1994 the number of people receiving higher education has increased. The backbone of the economy of North West Province is mining, which generates more than half of the province's gross domestic product and it provides jobs for over a quarter of its workforce. The leading minerals are gold, mined at Orkney and Klerksdorp; uranium, mined at Klerksdorp; platinum, mined at Rustenburg and Brits; and diamonds, mined at Lichtenburg, Christiana, and Bloemhof. The entertainment and casino complex at Sun City and Lost City also contributes to the provincial economy.
Sized 106 512 km2 in area (8.7% of South Africa), with the population of 3,676,300 (6.8% of South Africa’s population), the province makes R117.1 billion in Gross Regional Product, and contributes 6.7% to the South Africa’s GDP.