The Northern Cape is South Africa's largest province, and distances between towns are enormous due to its sparse population. Its size is just shy of the size of the American state of Montana and slightly larger than that of Germany. The province came up as a result of the 1994 Cape Province split up. With an area size of 372 889 km2 which is 30.5% of South Africa, the province has a population of 1,166,700 which is just over 2% of the country’s population. Native Afrikaans speakers comprise a higher percentage of the population in the Northern Cape than in any other province, with 53.8% of the provincial dwellers speak Afrikaans and 33.1% are Setswana speakers. Its capital is Kimberley.
The province in it is the Kalahari Gemsbok National Park, which is part of the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park, an international park shared with the neighbouring country Botswana. It also includes the Augrabies Falls and the diamond mining regions in Kimberley and Alexander Bay. In the west there is The Namaqualand region which is famous for its Namaqualand daisies.
Kuruman is famous as a mission station and also for its 'eye'. The Orange River flows through the province, forming the borders with the Free State in the southeast and with Namibia to the northwest. The river is also used to water the many vineyards in the arid region near Upington. The province is dominated by the Karoo Basin and consists mostly of sedimentary rocks and some Dolerite intrusions. The central areas are generally flat with interspersed salt pans. The north is primarily Kalahari Desert, characterised by parallel red sand dunes and acacia tree dry savanna.
The Northern Cape contributes 2.3% to the country’s GDP with its R61.2 billion Gross Regional Product. The province gets most of its income from the famous diamond mines around Kimberley, farming and the Orange River also attracts visitors who enjoy rafting tours around Vioolsdrif.